Basic skills that you could learn in your PADI scuba diver course:

  1. Regulate a recovery using the arm sweep method:

This is an important skill to learn in case by chance your regulator could get knocked out of your mouth. It’s an easy way for you to recover it and continue your dive.

  1. Mask removal and replacement:

This is a valuable skill in case you should ever lose your mask underwater and need to regain it – put it on, purge it of water and continue your dive without surfacing.

  1. Fin pivot:

This is a valuable technique to help you set neutral buoyancy at the beginning of your dive or reset neutral buoyancy during a dive to keep off the bottom and protect aquatic life.

  1. Buoyancy control:

We’re also going to look at hovering an exercise that will help you attain perfect buoyancy hovering in mid water without sculling or thinning. This will help you become a better diver on every dive that you do.

  1. Alternate air source breathing:

This is going to be your go-to technique in the unlikely event that you or your buddy has an out of air emergency. Scubadiving equipment is designed to be failsafe. What that means is that should an equipment failure occur it’s going to constantly deliver you a stream of air so for this extreme circumstance we’re going to cover a free flow regulator exercise which will teach you how to breathe from a regulator that is free-flowing underwater.

6 Planning Tips for an Awesome Dive Holiday

For some diving enthusiasts, planning a dive holiday can be more nerve-wracking than the actual dive. But no need to fret. To reduce your dive planning-related stress, here are several tips to remember when booking a dive holiday.

Learn diving or get a certification first

Not certified yet? You have two options: get a certification before your dive holiday or learn how to dive during your holiday. If you choose the latter, be sure that your dive operator provides training courses and have positive reviews.

If you haven’t dived in a while, you can take refresher courses and join a local diving club before your dive holiday. This way, you can dive safely and confidently on your holiday.

Consider the water temperature in your holiday location

Make sure to check out the average water temperature (which fluctuates during the year) so that you know how thick your wetsuit should be.

Bring the right equipment

You need to bring your own dive computer and DSMB, which can be rented at a cost. However, you will be better off buying equipment that you can reuse on your next trips rather than rent each time you go on a dive holiday.

Also, check if your diving gear is working properly and if your wetsuit has holes before you embark on your holiday so that any issues can be solved right away.

Double-check your dive package

What is included in the package you availed of? Does it cover your meals on the boat? Know what to expect so that you can prepare well for your dive holiday.

Check the necessary vaccinations

What vaccinations do you need before your trip? Because they take time to arrange, do your research and take the necessary vaccinations before you leave for your holiday.

Check the dive itinerary

Many dive areas provide a variety of diving opportunities to suit different diver preferences. But it pays to check your itinerary beforehand if it includes the kind of diving you’re interested in.

Underwater Photography Guide: How Divers can Capture the Beauty of Marine Life

One of the most exciting aspects of scuba diving is capturing the beauty of marine life through underwater photos. But underwater photography can be tricky, especially for divers who have no background in photography.

How do you make non-divers get just as excited about exploring the beautiful marine life underwater? Learn the basic techniques of underwater photography. You don’t need to shell out a lot of cash for that. Here are some tips for beginners:

Shooting on the surface

The most spectacular photo opportunities can be found not just underneath the sea but also on its surface.

  • Use a wide-angle lens. For sure, you will come across sharks and whales that will make great subjects for your photos!
  • If you don’t have a fully manual camera, you can use the EV minus mode to achieve reflections on your photos.
  • Shoot upward to capture the splendid blue sky and clouds, as well as the light coming through the water surface.

Photography hacks for sharper underwater shots

  • Use your camera’s built-in flash.
  • Add a diffuser to your camera to enhance the texture and colors of your shots.
  • For capturing moving subjects, use an ISO of 200.
  • For low-light conditions, use a high ISO of 400.
  • For stationary subjects, a low ISO of 100 is good enough.
  • To make your blue background more vibrant, increase your camera’s shutter speed or adjust its EV minus.

Photographing tiny marine creatures

Shrimps, seahorses, and other diminutive sea creatures look great on photos if you use a close-up lens with an external flash attached to your camera.

Photographing larger scenes

Fisheye lenses and wide-angle lenses are the perfect tools to capture caves, huge creatures, school of fish, and massive coral reefs, as they increase the camera’s field of view to fit as much scene into the frame as possible.

Potential Marine Dangers that Every Scuba Diver Must Know

Whether you’re an amateur or a pro, safety should be your priority when exploring the deep part of the ocean. Dangers lurk under the waters, so it’s best to be aware and be careful. Aside from enjoying your diving adventures, your ultimate goal as a scuba diver should be to come home in one piece after every trip.

Here are the possible dangers that every scuba diver must be wary of:

Sea urchins

Contact with the spines of a sea urchin can cause a puncture injury, which leads to redness, pain, and swelling around the affected area. Only a few sea urchins are poisonous to humans, though.

If you’re stung by an urchin, the spines have to be removed immediately with tweezers. Small poisonous organs may still remain in your wound, which can be removed by shaving the area with a razor blade. Cover the wound with warm water for about an hour and then rinse the wound with clean water.


Before you even dive, ask your guide if the area has plenty of jellyfish at the time. And if you get stung, never ask a companion to pee on the sting; urine might worsen your injury. Using a tweezer, get rid of any stuck tentacles on your skin. To reduce the swelling and pain, take painkillers.

Portuguese man-of-war

This creature is something you’d never want to encounter in your diving adventures because its sting is venomous. So make sure that your diving site is not infested with the jellyfish-like organism before you leave for your holiday.

If you get a sting, don’t wash it with vinegar or alcohol because it will only make the injury worse. Instead, wash the sting with salt water. To relieve the pain, soak the area in warm water. Expect the pain to subside in about 20 minutes.




During the long, hot days of summer parents often face the dilemma of finding activities for their children that are both entertaining and educational.  Often what the kids want is not what the parents want for them.


Week-long courses for kids between the ages of six and twelve has become very popular with both kids and their parents. Every aspect of snorkeling is covered, from choosing the proper equipment for each individual to learning how to snorkel down to the oceans reefs to observe fish. A vast range of ocean-related topics and activities is also included, with lessons adapted to the age level of each student.  A snorkeling textbook developed by the National Association of Underwater Instructors (NAUI) is provided for each student.


Each session begins with an introduction to the ocean and lessons on oceanography (tides, currents, etc.), the water cycle and how all of us are connected to the ocean through our need for water. Marine biology topics include the food chain, fish identification, and the ever-popular lesson on dangerous animals. Word games, puzzles, videos and other activities reinforce each days lessons.


Safety procedures and simple first aid techniques are also covered in the classroom. Environmental issues are addressed so that students learn to take responsibility to help protect and preserve our oceans.  A lesson on snorkeling skills closes out the daily classroom session, then the students head to the pool to practice what they have learned.


The daily pool session is designed to teach students snorkeling skills a step at a time. After mastering mask clears, they will learn different types of snorkel clears, fin kicks, entries into the water, and surface dives.  Basic concepts of scuba such as pressurization and equalization will be introduced.  The pool sessions are wrapped up with games and activities using the students new skills.


Students will help in planning a Beach Day for later in the summer. On this day the entire family is invited to go to Laguna Beach so that children may demonstrate their skills in the ocean. In addition to snorkeling, they will learn about tide pools while observing the marine life first-hand.


An Advanced Snorkeling course is available for children who successfully complete the basic snorkeling program. Students will delve further into oceanography, marine biology and its delicate eco-system.  They will learn more challenging snorkeling skills in the water and experience a brief introduction to scuba.


How to Get Scuba Certified?


Just about anybody who’s 12 years and older and in good health can learn to scuba dive. People from 12 to 85 years of age! The Openwater Scuba Diver Class is offered in two formats, NAUI or PADI. These classes include classroom instruction, pool instruction and open water dives to produce comfortable, knowledgeable and independent divers. The classes are priced to include all class/pool instruction, all instructional materials, all openwater dives and instructor fees and of course your Certification Card which is recognized worldwide.


Prerequisite is Scuba Diver. Includes 1 (One) classroom session a pool session and 6 different dives: a night dive, navigation dive, deep dive, search and recovery, light salvage, etc. This class provides more diving under the watchful eye of your instructor to help build confidence and to be exposed to new types of diving. This is the fastest way to build diving skills and to learn about the different specialty courses you might be interested in.


Must be a certified diver. This Course Includes classroom sessions, pool sessions and 2 ocean dives. Recommended for those not diving in the last year.


Prerequisites are Scuba Dive certification. Minimum course duration is 6 hours of each, classroom, pool and open water activities. This course is a requirement for leadership training. The Rescue Class is a very demanding course designed to teach you how to effectively save another diver in an emergency as well as how to save yourself. You will learn how to recognize problems and how to prevent dive accidents. How to manage a dive accident, develop a rescue plan and effect a actual rescue.

( First Aid and CPR training are included in the course).


Prerequisite is Advanced Diver ( rescue diver is desired). Course includes a minimum of 16 hours in the classroom, 16 hours in the pool and eight (8) openwater dives. Students MUST have their own complete openwater equipment. This class prepares the individual for the most respected and highest non-leadership rating. The student will be required to master many different dive disciplines. Areas of instruction will include Dive Physics, Environment, Equipment, Medical, Rescue, Decompression/tables and Advanced water skills. This is the most challenging of courses with the most rewarding personal satisfaction.


Prerequisites are Master Diver and Rescue Diver. Minimum course duration: 12 hours classroom, 12 hours of in-water activities. Students must have their own openwater equipment, have 20 logged dives and 20 hours of logged bottom time. The Candidate will be exposed to the Teaching environment and will be required to give several teaching presentations in both the classroom and confined water. The successful Candidate will demonstrate excellent general knowledge, advanced diving skills, leadership, teaching skills, student skill performance evaluation, good organizational skills and good attitude.


Minimum age must be 18. Prerequisite are same as for Assistant Instructor. Minimum course duration: 16 hours of classroom and 14 hours of in-water activities. Students must have their own openwater equipment,have 25 logged dives and 25 hours of logged bottom time. Candidates will demonstrate leadership abilities and be exposed to the responsibility of leading divers in actual dive activities. The Curriculum will address areas of dive leadership responsibility, legal issues, rescue technique, Naui standards and procedures, personal counseling skills and all the requirements of the Assistant Instructor course. Thiscourse prepares the successful candidate for the demands of the position of DIVE MASTER.


Upon completion of all the Prerequisites and as a certified Dive Master the Candidate can enroll in the NAUI Instructor Training Course (ITC). This course is 100 hours of intense and demanding training which will require the candidate to perform at the performance level of an Instructor both in the Classroom and Confined water as well as in the Openwater. The successful candidate will earn the Highest and most desired rating in the dive industry as a Naui Dive Instructor.

Additional Scuba related courses are listed below:






DSAT (Diving Science And Technology)